ACTION 5. ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMICAL EVALUATION OF THE MANAGING SYSTEM

OBJECTIVES:

  • Evaluate the environmental foot print of the CONDENSE Managing System and the New Product, through Life Cycle Analysis.
  • Evaluate the economical characteristics of the CONDENSE Managing System and the New Product, through Cost Benefit Analysis
  • Evaluate techno-economically a local full scale realisation of the CONDENSE Managing System, aiming in determining the proper pattern to full scale application

METHODS EMPLOYED:

As mentioned in all the preceding actions and it will be mentioned in Action 6 again, the data that have been collected prior to this action and will continue to be collected during this action will be utilised here for the required qualitatively analyses. The reports / results that will be produced here will be used in their original form, mainly from the members of the project’s group (and LIFE+ officials). Conclusions and final estimations will be made public either, through the Dissemination Manuals (Action 7) or the relevant scientific publications and presentations.

Finally as was mentioned (and will be noted in the last part of this action description) TUC is the main beneficiary responsible for this action in significant cooperation with UOL. Both as engineering departments, with extended experience in environmental (as well as economical) evaluations, will be able to lead this action. RWG and DCWGR will help especially in the techno-economical evaluation of a full scale plan, with TEIC providing info regarding mainly the agricultural part of the CONDENSE Managing System.

Life Cycle Analyses:

The main questions that this analysis must response are:

  • What is the carbon footprint of the process, both independently as well as in comparison with existing fertilisers production footprint?
  • What is, if there is any, the short and long run environmental benefit of the CONDENSE Managing System?

The experience of the TUC team in such efforts will be exploited together with relevant softwares. They will utilise all data collected though the previous actions aiming especially in issues as:

  • Energy consumption
  • Wastes production
  • Emissions (including odours)
  • Nutrients availability, utilisation and loss
  • Cultivations production

Through them they will be able to conduct all the relevant qualitatively and quantitatively analysis regarding the environmental (including carbon) footprint of the process. As various scenarios will be examined regarding the full scale application (see later on) and the distribution of the production units (the sun drying units might be placed by the olive mills where composting might take place in a central unit) the answer might be more complicated than just a value or a comparison.

The fact that Action 6 will start almost in the middle of the project, has to do with the fact that additional data might be needed after the first analyses and so time and opportunity should be available.

Finally comparisons will be made between the suggested process and the existing chemical fertilisers’ production process as well as compost (as a nutrient source) production and distribution process. Scenarios will include the local production and distribution as well as the transfer of the New product in considerable distances.

Cost Benefit Analyses:

In complete retrospect with the LCA analysis CBA will determine:

  • Cost wise is there any benefit from the implementation (economical as well as environmental) of the CONDENSE Managing System and under which circumstances?
  • Is the estimated production cost (see also techno-economical evaluation) competitive with the existing fertilisers production costs (the local character of the CONDENSE Managing System will be taken under consideration)?
  • Is the cost of acquiring this New Product for a grower such, that versus the efficiency in the different cultivations, to lead to a considerable income increase?
  • Is the environmental benefit (in cooperation with LCA) of adequate scale in relation with the imposed investment and operational cost (in cooperation with the TE).

TUC will be leading also this process, closely cooperating with UOL. They will use qualitatively and quantitatively analytical tools and relevant software. Mainly however they will exploit their experience in related issues and the existing personnel of the two Institutes with relevant specialities, which will be involved in the project.

Again analyses will aim in evaluating the CONDENSE Managing System as an independent process as well as in comparison with existing fertilisers / composts production and application.

Techno-economical Evaluation of a Locally Placed Full Scale Plan:

The main aim of this sub-action is to response to some basic questions:

  • Which size and under which circumstances a full scale application is viable?
  • Which is the most cost effective way to design and construct the full scale unit?
  • How much a full scale unit will cost? What would be the maintenance and operational cost?
  • How much wastes and product will be able to manage / produce?
  • How much each tone of New Product will cost?
  • Which is the whole sale price that would guaranty profitability and viability in the full scale unit and at the same time be competitive in the existing market?

It regards the analyses of all possible economical and technological data that will be gathered during the project’s evolvement. For example equipment operation and maintenance cost, energy consumed per ton of product (for the various steps as for example the collection of the wastes, their composting etc), price of competitive products, estimated cost of promotion, effect of massive production in the price etc. Also a series of equations that will be developed here together with Action 6 (Design Manual) will allow estimating the infrastructure size for a specific amount of New Product to be produced or vies versa, the infrastructure needed for managing as specific amount of wastes.

Different scenarios will be tested as for the layout of the unit and the size. For example is currently considered that the sun drying units should be placed in a peripheral mode, meaning one in each olive oil mill, where the composting unit central. However, a second scenario will be evaluated thoroughly, in which both composting and sun drying units are both peripheral. In this case the required equipment for composting are completely movable (smaller size) creating a “mobile composting unit”.

PROGRESS INDICATORS:

  • Completion of a Life Cycle Analysis (one)
  • Completion of a Cost Benefit Analysis (one)
  • Completion of a techno economical study (one)

EXPECTED RESULTS:

  • An environmental analysis and evaluation, which will determine the exact environmental benefit of the process
  • An economical analysis and evaluation, which will determine the economical prospects of the process
  • A techno economical analysis which will determine the viability of the process in a competitive global market